## Programs & Events

##### Brown University SUMS Conference

Mar 5, 2011

The Brown University Symposium for Undergraduates in the Mathematical Sciences (SUMS) has been held annually since 2002. The symposium's goal is to foster greater undergraduate interest and scholarship in mathematics by demonstrating the ubiquity of mathematics throughout the sciences. The conference also provides an environment in which motivated undergraduates can come together to share their own work and learn from distinguished faculty and researchers from around the country.

##### Mathematical Aspects of P versus NP and its Variants

Aug 1 - 5, 2011

This workshop will bring together computer scientists and mathematicians to examine the P v. NP problem and its variants from the perspectives of algebra, geometry, and number theory, and to introduce the mathematical aspects of these questions to a larger audience. Diverse researchers working on different aspects of these problems will clarify connections between different approaches.

There will be two main topics: Analogues of P v. NP *(e.g., Valiant's conjectures, the Mulmuley-Sohoni Conjecture, the BSS model, and other computational models);* and Algebraic, Number Theoretic, and Geometric Aspects of P v. NP *(e.g., Holographic algorithms, characterizations of NP in terms of sheaf cohomology, sparse polynomials, and other arithmetic approaches).*

The workshop will emphasize the "work" aspect, so there will be few scheduled lectures, with extensive discussion periods, and follow-up lectures scheduled impromptu as needed.

##### Organizing Committee

- Saugata Basu
- Joseph Landsberg
- Joseph Maurice Rojas

##### Cluster Algebras and Statistical Physics

Aug 15 - 19, 2011

Cluster algebras are commutative algebras with a distinguished set of generators grouped into overlapping subsets of fixed cardinality; the generators and the relations among them are not given from the outset, but are produced by an iterative process of successive mutations. These algebras were developed to explain the "Laurent phenomenon", in which certain a priori rational functions defined by these mutations turn out to always be Laurent polynomials. Cluster algebras encode a surprisingly widespread range of phenomena in settings as diverse as quiver representations, TeichmÃ¼ller theory, invariant theory, tropical calculus, Poisson geometry, and polyhedral combinatorics. This workshop will explore the connection between cluster algebras and various topics in statistical physics, including the dimer model on surfaces, integrable systems such as the KP equation, and certain dynamical systems (Y- and Q-systems) which play an important role in the theory of the thermodynamic Bethe... (more)

##### Organizing Committee

- Lauren Williams
- David Wilson

##### Kinetic Theory and Computation

Sep 7 - Dec 9, 2011

Kinetic theory plays a central role in many areas of mathematical physics, from nanoscales to continuum mechanics. It is an indispensable tool in the mathematical description of applications in physical and social sciences, from its origin in dilute gases, to wide applications such as semi-conductors, polymers, cells, plasma, galaxies, traffic networking, and swarming. The number of particles is typically more than 10^{20}.

On the one hand, kinetic models provide more detailed and accurate description of regimes where hydrodynamic equations are either invalid or simply not available. On the other hand, because modern computers are still inadequate in simulating the molecular or even quantum dynamics in emerging industrial needs in micro- and nanotechnology, kinetic equations provide models that can capture important features of microscopic or quantum phenomena with a manageable computational cost. Kinetic theory is at the core of multiscale modeling, which connects fundamental... (more)

##### Organizing Committee

- Jose Blanchet
- Francis Filbet
- Irene Gamba
- Yan Guo
- Chi-Wang Shu
- Walter Strauss

##### AWM Anniversary Conference at Brown University

Sep 17 - 18, 2011

40 Years and Counting: 2011 is the 40th anniversary of the Association for Women in Mathematics (AWM). With this conference, AWM continues to celebrate the progress of women in mathematical professions and to recognize individual achievements. Join us this fall on the Brown University campus in historic Providence, RI.

##### Organizing Committee

- Georgia Benkart
- Kristin Lauter
- Jill Pipher

##### Vlasov Models in Kinetic Theory

Sep 19 - 23, 2011

Vlasov-type models deal with continua of particles where the electric charges dominate the collisions, so that the collisions are ignored. They occur in physical plasmas, including astrophysical plasmas and fusion reactors.

There are many examples of astrophysical plasmas of this type, such as the solar wind. When a fusion reactor is very hot, the relevant times scales are so short that collisions can be ignored. Vlasov theory also models systems where the dominant force is gravity, such as clusters of stars or galaxies.

##### Organizing Committee

- Pierre Degond
- Francis Filbet
- Robert Glassey
- Jingmei Qiu
- Gerhard Rein

##### Novel Applications of Kinetic Theory and Computations

Oct 17 - 21, 2011

There are several fundamental applications involving kinetic theory and computations. They range from semiconductor modeling involving kinetic and quantum charged transport, radiative transfer in cosmology, conservative and dissipative phenomena in rarefied gas dynamics in mixtures, and grain and polymer flows.

Issues to be addressed involve the derivation and multi-scale modeling due to different scales of effective constants, spatial heterogeneities and strength of boundary conditions. Because the basic drift-diffusion, hydrodynamic and quantum models may interact through interfaces, a basic understanding of boundary conditions as well as phase transitions are critical. An example of such modeling problem appears naturally in semiconductors devices where the electron and holes density flows through a highly heterogeneous crystal lattice.

It is well established that drift-diffusion models are currently inadequate for the simulations of submicron devices where effective fields... (more)

##### Organizing Committee

- Irene Gamba
- Axel Klar
- Benoit Perthame
- Christian Ringhofer
- Chi-Wang Shu

##### NSF Mathematics Institutes Modern Math Workshop (at SACNAS)

Oct 26 - 27, 2011

The eight NSF mathematics institutes are pleased to offer three concurrent sessions immediately preceding the SACNAS annual meeting â€“ one for graduate students and recent PhDs, and two for undergraduate students â€“ to invigorate the research careers of minority mathematicians and mathematics faculty at minority-serving institutions. The â€œModern Math Workshopâ€ will highlight presentations on topics drawn from the institutesâ€™ upcoming programs, a keynote speaker, and an informative panel presentation on the 2012-13 programs and workshops. The two undergraduate sessions (applicants will choose one) are appropriate for students of any major interested in learning how mathematics contributes to our understanding of various scientific topics. Activities will include lectures and group work.

All sessions will begin with lunch on Wed. Oct. 26 and include an evening reception. The sessions will continue on Thursday morning and will end at 12:30 pm prior to the SACNAS conference lunch.... (more)

##### Boltzmann Models in Kinetic Theory

Nov 7 - 11, 2011

The celebrated Boltzmann equation is the foundation of the kinetic theory for dilute collections of particles, which undergo elastic binary collisions. The Boltzmann theory is at the center of a series of multi-scaled physical models that connect microscopic multiparticle models to macroscopic fluid models such as the Navier-Stokes equations:

*Particles → Boltzmann → Fluids*

The first arrow refers the Boltzmann-Grad limit, while the second arrow refers to various hydrodynamic limits which lead to the fundamental equations of fluids. The Boltzmann theory therefore provides a practical tool and machinery for deriving macroscopic models in broad physical applications. Due to its importance, there has been an explosion of mathematical studies, both theoretical and numerical, for the Boltzmann equation.A major open problem that remains is to determine whether or not smooth initial data would lead to a unique global-in-time solution of the Boltzmann... (more)

##### Organizing Committee

- Kazuo Aoki
- Yan Guo
- Shi Jin
- Lorenzo Pareschi
- Laure Saint-Raymond

##### Synchronization-reducing and Communication-reducing Algorithms and Programming Models for Large-scale Simulations

Jan 9 - 13, 2012

As concurrency in scientific computing pushes beyond a million threads and performance of individual threads becomes less reliable for hardware-related reasons, attention of mathematicians, computer scientists, and supercomputer users and suppliers inevitably focuses on reducing communication and synchronization bottlenecks. Though convenient for succinctness, reproducibility, and stability, instruction ordering in contemporary codes is commonly overspecified. This workshop attempts to outline evolution of simulation codes from today's infra-petascale to the ultra-exascale and to encourage importation of ideas from other areas of computer science into numerical algorithms, new invention, and programming model generalization.

##### Organizing Committee

- David Keyes
- Matt Knepley
- Katherine Yelick

##### Mathematical and Statistical Aspects of Cryptography (in Kolkata, India)

Jan 12 - 14, 2012

This workshop focuses on mathematical and statistical aspects of public key cryptography. The main ingredients from mathematics so far include discrete logarithms and factoring over the integers, generalizations of the discrete logarithm to elliptic curves, hyperelliptic curves and further generalizations, aspects of infinite non-abelian groups, and closest vector problems (CVP) in integer lattices. Cryptanalysis in all of these areas can involve analyses of patterns in vast amounts of data, hence the need for statistical methods. One goal of this workshop, though not the only one, is to focus attention on the problem of quantifying the complexity of lattice-based problems, for example extrapolating the difficulty of solving a CVP in an integer lattice as a function of its dimension and other parameters.

*A copy of the presentations given at this workshop is available as a PDF... (more)*

##### Organizing Committee

- Jeffrey Hoffstein
- Jill Pipher
- Bimal Roy

##### Complex and Arithmetic Dynamics

Jan 30 - May 4, 2012

The goal of this program is to bring together researchers in complex dynamics, arithmetic dynamics, and related fields, with the purpose of stimulating interactions, promoting collaborations, making progress on fundamental problems, and developing theoretical and computational foundations on which future work will build. Complex dynamics is the study of iteration of holomorphic self-maps of a complex space. Fundamental examples of such maps arise as algebraic self-maps of algebraic varieties. Starting with the fundamental results of Fatou and Julia, complex dynamics has evolved into a well established field with many deep theorems and many important unresolved questions. Arithmetic dynamics refers to the study of number theoretic phenomena arising in dynamical systems on algebraic varieties. Many global problems in arithmetic dynamics are analogues of classical problems in the theory of Diophantine equations or arithmetic geometry, including for example uniform bounds for rational... (more)

##### Organizing Committee

- Rob Benedetto
- Laura DeMarco
- Mikhail Lyubich
- Juan Rivera-Letelier
- Joseph Silverman
- Lucien Szpiro
- Michael Zieve